SEPA, or the Single Euro Payments Area, is a payment integration initiative within the European Union, aimed at facilitating seamless euro payments across the region. Open Banking is a separate initiative that promotes the sharing of financial data between banks and third-party providers, to enable innovative new financial products and services. While SEPA and Open […]

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Open Banking PSD3 is the third version of the Payment Services Directive (PSD), which is an EU directive that regulates payment services and payment service providers. The directive was first implemented in 2018 and has been in force since then. The main objectives of PSD3 are to improve the security of online payments, increase consumer

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Danish Financial Supervisory Authority

The Danish Financial Supervisory Authority (the Danish FSA) is the financial regulatory authority of the Danish government responsible for overseeing the banking sector, credit unions, leasing companies, and insurance companies. The FSA has the power to license and supervise the activities of financial institutions, and must ensure that they comply with capital adequacy requirements, as

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Danish Financial Institutions

Danish financial institutions include banks, mortgage banks, and other entities that provide financial services and products in Denmark. The banking sector is highly regulated by the Financial Supervisory Authority (FSA), which has the power to license and supervise the activities of financial institutions. Major Danish banks include Danske Bank, Jyske Bank, Nordea, and Sydbank. Other

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Nordic Open Banking

Open banking has been particularly successful in the Nordic countries of Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Finland. This is due to the region’s long tradition of payment innovation, as well as its high internet penetration rate, which has allowed open banking to be adopted quickly and widely. As a result, these countries have seen significant progress

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Open Banking Use Cases

Open banking allows consumers to share their banking data with third-party financial providers via application programming interfaces (APIs). Common use cases for open banking include customer onboarding [1], account top-ups, invoice settlement, ecommerce, income & affordability analysis, risk decisioning, personal finance management, accounting, banking, business finance management, SME lending, treasury management, and apps such as Revolut

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PSD2 Use Cases

PSD2 (Payment Services Directive 2) has a number of potential use cases [1], including providing inter-bank payment facilities and bill payments [2], analyzing the financial behavior of customers, and creating new authentication methods for online payments. It can also be used for cash pooling and foreign exchange across multiple banks [3], allowing large corporates to make payments more

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The Payment Services Directive 2 (PSD2) is a European directive that was adopted in 2015 and came into force in January 2016. Its aim is to create a more integrated European payments market and make payments more secure and protect consumers [1]. It also introduces new players into the payment services field and includes new

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Strong Customer Authentication: SCA is a security feature that requires at least two independent elements of authentication to be provided by a customer when accessing their payment account or when performing certain high-risk transactions. These elements fall into three categories:

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